FANDOM


Utakwu

Pronunciation

[ɯtakʷũ]

Spoken in

Tuxhexh Empire/Tuxux

Total Speakers

200000

Language Family

Vdangku

  • Southern Vdangku
    • Utakwu
Utakwu is a language of the Vdangku family, having descended from Proto-Vdangku. Although still retaining some of its parent’s agglutinative word formations, the language has experienced shifts towards a more fusional paradigm. The verbal conjugation system has been noted to have undergone such change.

Sound ChangesEdit

The following are postulated sound changes from Vdangku.

  • [+continuant] → [−voiced] / _[unaspirated plosive, implosive]
  • i → j / #_V
  • V → nasalized / _[n,m]
  • ɴ → ŋ,ʔ
  • ŋ → h
  • m,n → h / V_V
  • ɛ → u / velar_
  • ɛ → ∅ / _[+nasal]
  • i → ∅ / _[+consonantal]ʌ
  • ɛi → ai
  • implosive → voiced plosive, voiced fricative
  • labial fricative → w
  • pʰtʰkʰqʰ → pf ts kx qχ / [−consonantal]_
  • uvulars are glottalized
  • ɬ → ɹ
  • s → h / #_
  • s → ∅ / V_V
  • w → u / #_
  • f → ɥ / _velar

Comparative TextEdit

  • pahi ar’are twunstiùrùs qahe tiepfs iartwanwìmwuses mìfwuxa
  • barī alqhale tunztiůlåz qange zdiepez ialtuānimuzez mibbekā.
  • yurtyuxwu zyuskìk-kùn tyutef epepfan
  • iōldiuku ziuvzgik gån tiovtev ebepān.
  • iarwu’stìs swu’twuh nwu’pì xwaxkì pwe, meh yuskìk a axteh tetan tyuxwu
  • iāluongztiz zuongddîng, nuongpi ggaxhkir boe, meng iuvzgik a axhdem tedān, diuku.
  • ei uhansta ixweh fwu’te pyutswu iariniùrì fwu iutwu urfwu fwux tistì xirwuh
  • ei vranzta iggāer, zbbuongte pioto ialiniůli, zbbe, ivtal, olzbbe, zbbîk ddizti, xhilung,
  • yuskìk arkìh ha’ta kyuxwaheh utatswuswu feixwae
  • iuvzgik alking qhaongta giuggāner vdatoto veirgguae

PhonologyEdit

Consonants

  Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal Stop m n
Labialized
Plosive Unaspirated p t k q
Labialized
Fricative Regular f s x h
Labialized
Affricate Unaspirated pf ts
Labialized pfʷ tsʷ
Approximant Regular w ɹ j
Labialized ɥ

Vowels /i ĩ ɛ ẽ a ã ʌ ʌ̃ u ũ/

  • ʌ > ə in unstressed syllables, final syllable only
  • i > I in unstressed syllables, final syllable only
  • u > ɯ word initial, and final syllable

PhonotacticsEdit

Phonotactics (F)(C)V(V)(/R)