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Ancient Bēðoth Language (ABL) is a language spoken in the Northern Jungles of the Southwest continent by the Bēðoth people.


EtymologyEdit

Bēðoth, is the name of the people who speak the language. Unlike most peoples, Bēðoth does not have any meaning, aside from the Bēðoth people themselves.

PhonologyEdit

VowelsEdit

The first table is a list of all the vowels that may appear in a word naturally, that aren't influenced by Ablauts or Umlauts. Note, that the "Back", "Central", and "Front" descriptions as approximate, and "Ø" means no sound, and that along with those, a [u] may appear.

Long Short Zero Grade
Back ō o [o] Ø
Central ā a [a] Ø
Front ē e [e]

Ø

AblautEdit

In ABL, there is a system called ablauting, where one vowel may be morphed into another by insertion of a vowel into a zero-grade position. Because some vowels will change depending on tense and perfectness, a word's sound can radically change, and even show vowels that only occur through ablauting. The table below will show what vowels are formed from what combinations, with the first of the two vowels on the top, and the second on the side. The correct point on the graph shows what those two vowels in that order morph into.

O A E
O ō ö[ɔ] ue[ue]
A o ā æ[æ]
E u[u] ä[ə] ē

ConsonantsEdit

There are three types of consonants in the ABL. There are Metal, Stone, and Dirt consonants. Metal and Stone consonants are a set of consonants which have a counterpart to each other, and switch between those counterparts depending on where the letter is in a word (i.e. Fōll -> Fōlin). A Metal consonant may only exist between two vowels, while a Stone consonant may only exist at the beginning or end of a word, or in a consonant cluster. Here is a list with IPA

Metal Stone
B [b] P [p]
D [d] T [t]
G [g] K [k]
ð[ð] Th [θ]
Z [z] S [s]
V [v] F [f]
J [dʒ] Ch [tʃ]
L [l] Ll [ɬ]


The other consonants, Dirt consonants, may appear anywhere in a word and do not change. They include:

N [n]

M [m]

H [h]

R [r]

ŋ [ŋ]


CodaEdit

(C)(C)V(C)(C)

In ABL, you cannot have clusters of more than two letters, with digraphs counting as only one letter.

Available ClustersEdit

Word Inital: pf, pll, tll, kth, kf, sp, st, sk, sll, sn, sm, fll

Word Center: pt, pth, pf, tth, ts, tll, kth, ks, kf, kt, sp, st, sk, sn, sm, sll, fr, fll

Word Final: pth, pt, tth, ts, kth, ks, kf, kt, sp, sk, sm

(Note, that v and r are able to be word final, but they are pronounced as a separate syllable.


GrammarEdit

SyntaxEdit

SentenceEdit

The base structure is SOV, with modifiers coming after the word it modifies. To form a question, order is switched to an SVO order.

Verb PhraseEdit

The verb phrase is really simple, with the Verb first, and Adjective second.

Noun PhraseEdit

The noun phrase is simple as well. The noun is at the front, and adjectives and adverbs follow the rule that modifiers follow the word they modify. To describe location(Like a preposition), a postposition is put at the end of the phrase.

MorphologyEdit

NounsEdit

In ABL, there are three types of nouns. Strong, Weak, and Weird. The nouns are all regular, but some of them are harder to decline than others, because they involve ablauts and umlauts. The First class is the Weak noun, which is simple, and takes on an ending for each case.

Weak Noun Endings
Case Ending
Nominative -r
Accusative No Ending
Genitive -v
Dative -at


Strong nouns, are very similar to weak nouns, but the u added to the endings creates a U-Mutation.

A Weird noun is somewhat complicated to decline, because it adds a vowel to ablaut along with the endings for Weak nouns.

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